About Holocaust Survivors

Multiply by Six Million: Portraits and Stories of Holocaust Survivors

During a fifteen-year period, I photographed over two hundred Holocaust survivors living in California and Paris, and collected their personal narratives. I undertook this work to present the Holocaust on a human level because I believe that it is only through a personal connection that we can understand the true meaning of such events and prevent them from ever happening again.

The combination of photograph and story function together to vividly portray the power of human courage, stamina, and creativity born of the most desperate circumstances. Their portraits reveal a powerful honesty, and are a testament to their survival and to the productive lives they have led. 

I also created the Multiply by Six Million exhibit and short documentary film. The exhibit, circulated by Exhibit Envoy includes original black and white portraits, paired with narrative texts, an album of additional photographs, and a collection of books written by survivors. It has been seen by over 10,000 viewers in museums and educational settings.

The film premiered on the Sundance Channel. It can be viewed here.

The Multiply By Six Million project was partially supported by grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the California Council for the Humanities, and the Koret Foundation.

Selected Exhibits
2007-19        Multiply by Six Million – Ongoing Exhibit Tour by Exhibit Envoy
2019              The Highground Veterans Memorial Park, Neillsville, WI
                       Palm Springs Air Museum, Palm Springs, CA
2005              Companion exhibit – Michael Kenna: Impossible to Forget                        
                       de Saisset Museum – Santa Clara University
                       Chapman University – Orange, CA
2003              Stanford University Art Gallery, Stanford CA
2002              Alliance Française – San Francisco, CA

Permanent Collections
Holocaust Memorial Museum – Washington, DC
Simon Wiesenthal Center- Los Angeles,CA
Mémorial de la Shoah – Paris
DeSaisset Museum, Santa Clara, CA